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Verbal Section : Sentence Completions
Each GRE sample sentence compltion question below has one or two blanks. Each blank shows thatsomething has been omitted. Under each GRE samplesentence completion question five words are given as choice. Choose the one correct word for each blank that best fits the meaning of the sentences as a whole.
- The –——————– tones of the guitar succeeded in —————– his tense nerves.
- rhapsodic – minimising
- blatant – enhancing
- hovendous – calming
- vibrant – portraying
- mellifluous – soothing.
Ans : E
- Without the psychiatrist’s promise of confidentiality, trust is –————— and the person’s communication limited; even though confidentiality can thus be seen to be precious in therapy, moral responsibility sometimes requires a willingness to –————— it.
- lost – forget
- implicit – extend
- impaired – sacrifise
- ambiguous – apply
- assumed – examine.
Ans : C
- Parts of seventeenth-century Indian pleasure gardens were not necessarily intended to look ——————————–they were designed expressly to evoke the agreeable melancholy resulting from a sense of the – ————————-of natural beauty and human glory.
- great – immutability
- joyful – mortality
- conventional – wildness
- cheerful – transitoriness
- colorful – abstractness.
Ans : D
- Despite the –—————— of many of their peers, some scholars have begun to emphasize ”pop culture” as a key for –——————– the legends, hopes, and apprehensions of contemporary society.
- pedantry – reinstating
- enthusiasm – symbolizing
- skepticism – deciphering
- antipathy – involving
- discernment – evaluating.
Ans : C
The function of capital markets is to facilitate an exchange of funds among all participants, and yet in practice we find that certain participants are not on a par with others. Members of society have varying degrees of market strength in terms of information they bring to a transaction, as well as of purchasing power and creditworthiness, as defined by lenders.
For example, within minority communities, capital markets do not properly fulfill their functions; they do not provide access to the aggregate flow of funds in the United States. The financial system does not generate the credit or investment vehicles needed for underwriting economic development in minority areas. The problem underlying this dysfunction is found in a rationing mechanism affecting both the available alternatives for investment and the amount of financial resources. This creates a distributive mechanism penalizing members of minority groups because of their socioeconomic differences from others. The existing system expresses definite socially based investment preferences that result from the previous allocation of income and that influence the allocation of resources for the present and future. The system tends to increase the inequality of income distribution. And, in the United States economy, a greater inequality of income distribution leads to a greater concentration of capital in certain types of investment.
Most traditional financial-market analysis studies ignore financial markets’ deficiencies in allocation because of analysts’ inherent preferences for the simple model of perfect competition. Conventional financial analysis pays limited attention to issues of market structure and dynamics, relative costs of information, and problems of income distribution. Market participants are viewed as acting as entirely independent and homogeneous individuals with perfect foresight about capital-market behavior. Also, it is assumed that each individual in the community at large has the same access to the market and the same opportunity to transact and to express the preference appropriate to his or her individual interest. Moreover, it is assumed that transaction costs for various types of financial instruments (stocks, bonds, etc.) are equally known and equally divided among all community members.
1. The main point made by the passage is that
(A) financial markets provide for an optimum allocation of resources among all competing participants by balancing supply and demand
(B) the allocation of financial resources takes place among separate individual participants, each of whom has access to the market
(C) the existence of certain factors adversely affecting members of minority groups shows that financial markets do not function as conventional theory says they function
(D) investments in minority communities can be made by the use of various alternative financial instruments, such as stocks and bonds
(E) since transaction costs for stocks, bonds, and other other financial instruments are not equally apportioned among all minority-group members, the financial market is subject to criticism
Explanation: This question asks you to identify the main point that is conveyed by the passage. C is the best answer. The overarching message of the passage is that certain factors affecting minority communities are essentially ignored in conventional financial-market analyses. Choice A is not correct because the passage does not discuss issues of supply and demand. Both B and D present a general claim about issues mentioned in the passage, but neither statement expresses the main point of the passage. Choice E can be eliminated because while the passage does criticize certain aspects of the financial market, it is chiefly concerned with differences between minority and non-minority communities, not with any differences among minority-group members.
2. The passage states that traditional studies of the financial market overlook imbalances in the allocation of financial resources because
(A) an optimum allocation of resources is the final result of competition among participants
(B) those performing the studies choose an oversimplified description of the influences on competition
(C) such imbalances do not appear in the statistics usually compiled to measure the market’s behavior
(D) the analysts who study the market are unwilling to accept criticism of their methods as biased
(E) socioeconomic difference form the basis of a rationing mechanism that puts minority groups at a disadvantage
Explanation: This question asks you to identify an explicit claim made in the passage about traditional financial-market studies. The best answer is B because the passage states that most studies are affected by analysts’ preference for simplicity in their models. Choice A is incorrect because the passage does not suggest that competition eventually results in an optimum allocation of resources. While the statements in C and D could be true, they do not express claims presented in the passage. Choice E can be eliminated: although the passage does make a similar point about rationing mechanisms, it does not do so in explanation of alleged flaws in financial-market analyses.
3. The author’s main point is argued by
(A) giving examples that support a conventional generalization
(B) showing that the view opposite to the author’s is self-contradictory
(C) criticizing the presuppositions of a proposed plan
(D) showing that omissions in a theoretical description make it inapplicable in certain cases
(E) demonstrating that an alternative hypothesis more closely fits the data
Explanation: This question asks you to identify the answer that best captures the author’s approach to the main argument presented in the passage. Choice D is the best answer. In constructing an argument about flaws in conventional market-analysis models, the author focuses on various factors that are typically ignored-that is, omitted-in those models. Choice A can be eliminated because the author is arguing against a conventional viewpoint, not in favor of one. Choice B is incorrect because the author characterizes the opposing point of view as flawed in certain respects, but does not claim that the view is self-contradictory. Choices C and E are incorrect because there is no proposed plan discussed in the passage, nor is an alternative hypothesis offered.
4. A difference in which of the following would be an example of inequality in transaction costs as alluded to in lines 40-43?
(A) Maximum amounts of loans extended by a bank to businesses in different areas
(B) Fees charged to large and small investors for purchasing stocks
(C) Prices of similar goods offered in large and small stores in an area
(D) Stipends paid to different attorneys for preparing legal suits for damages
(E) Exchange rates in dollars for currencies of different countries
Explanation: To answer this question correctly you must choose the answer that most clearly offers an example of the phenomenon alluded to in lines 40-43. Note that the question asks you to consider what it would mean if there were differences in what is described in the answer choices. The best answer is B. A fee to purchase stock is a transaction cost, and stock is mentioned in the passage as an example of type of financial instrument. Differences in fees charged to buy stock would thus be an example of inequality in transaction costs for financial instruments. Choices A, C, And E are not correct because amounts of loans, prices of goods, and exchange rates would not be considered transaction costs for financial instruments. Choice D is incorrect while a stipend paid for a service might be considered a type of transaction cost, this choice does not describe a transaction cost involving the purchase or sale of financial instruments.
5. Which of the following can be inferred about minority communities on the basis of the passage?
(A) They provide a significant portion of the funds that become available for investment in the financial market.
(B) They are penalized by the tax system, which increases the inequality of the distribution of income between investors and wage earners.
(C) They do no receive the share of the amount of funds available for investment that would be expected according to traditional financial-market analysis.
(D) They are not granted governmental subsidies to assist in underwriting the cost of economic development
(E) They provide the same access to alternative sources of credit to finance businesses as do majority communities.
Explanation: This question asks you to use information provided in the passage in order to draw an inference about minority communities. Choice C is the best answer. According to the passage, traditional financial-market analysis assumes equal access to the market for all participants; according to the author, however, minority communities do not have equal access to the market. Thus it may be inferred that while traditional analysis assumes that all communities will receive their share of available funds, in reality those funds are disproportionately allocated to majority communities. Choices A and B are incorrect because the passage does not discuss either the origins of funds available for investment any tax penalties that may be incurred by certain investors. While this statement in D could be true, there is not enough information provided in the passage to support such an inference. Choice E is incorrect because the passage does not assert or suggest that equal access to any sources of credit is provided in minority communities.
6. According to the passage, a questionable assumption of the conventional theory about the operation of financial markets is that
(A) creditworthiness as determined by lenders is a factor determining market access
(B) market structure and market dynamics depend on income distribution
(C) a scarcity of alternative sources of funds would result from taking socioeconomic factors into consideration
(D) those who engage in financial-market transactions are perfectly well informed about the market
(E) inequalities in income distribution are increased by the functioning of the financial market
Explanation: This question asks you to identify a claim about conventional financial-market theory that is made explicitly in the passage. The best answer is choice D. The author points out his assumption within the context of criticizing the conventional theory about financial markets. Choice A is not correct because creditworthiness is mentioned in the first paragraph of the passage, but not in the context of assumptions made in conventional theory. Choices B and C can be eliminated: with regard to the consideration of income distribution, the passage states only that conventional analysis tends to pay little attention to the topic. Choice C is incorrect because the passage does not mention any assumption on the part of conventional theory with regard to the consequence of considering socioeconomic factors.
7. According to the passage, analysts have conventionally tended to view those who participate in financial market as
(A) judging investment preferences in terms of the good of society as a whole
(B) influencing the allocation of funds through prior ownership of certain kinds of assets
(C) varying in market power with respect to one another
(D) basing judgments about future events mainly on chance
(E) having equal opportunities to engage in transactions
Explanation: This question asks you to identify a claim made in the passage about the conventional viewpoint of financial market analysts. The best answer is E. The passage states that conventional financial analysis has assumed that all market participants have the same access to the market and the same opportunity to make transactions in the markets. Choice A is incorrect because the passage does not suggest that analysts have traditionally assumed any attention to societal good on the part of market participants. Choice B can be eliminated because the effect of prior allocation of funds is mentioned in the second paragraph (lines 8-14), prior to any discussion of traditional financial market analysis. Both C and D contradict a claim made in the passage about conventional financial market analysis. First, conventional analysis is said to assume that all participants have equal access, not varying market power. Second, conventional analysis is said to assume that market participants act with perfect foresight about capital-market behavior, not that they rely on chance.
DictionUP is an Audio GRE Word List
- The fact that the———— of confrontation is no longer as applies as it once did ——– progress in race relations.
- insidiousness – reiterates
- practice – inculcates
- glimmer – foreshadows
- technique – presages
- reticence – indicates
- Children should not be – —————as being either very shy or over – aggressive.
- President Anwar of Timbuctoo, disregarding ———- criticism in Africa and in his own Government, ———- accepted prime minister Kairatabad Begin’s invitation to visit Calcutta in order to address the Calcutta parliament.
- acrimonious – formally
- blemished – stiffly
- categorical – previously
- malignant – plaintively
- charismatic – meticulously
1) Ans :D 2)Ans :A 3) Ans :A
LEarning vocabulary takes up most of your preparation time, assuming you began three months prior to your preparation date. Our earlier post tells you how to make a timeline for your preparation, this one deals with how to maximize your time.
Allow yourself at least three months for preparation.
- Learn as much of the GRE Word List as you can in your first three weeks. There are several techniques to on how to improve vocabulary. DictionUP will help you learn the GRE word list faster and more effectively than any other product.
- If you are a genius, ignore this line otherwise, be mentally prepared. The GRE is tough, it will test your determination.
- Taking into account your work/university timings draw up a timeline. For example, English Reading Comprehension Aug1st to Aug 12th.
- Solve as many practice question as you can. Do not attempt more than two practice exam, each, for the first two months. Solve only practice question.
- For the last month, you should have solved all the practice questions materials you have. Begin solving practice questions the third month. Solve paper based and computer based questions. The last week before your exam, solve only computer based questions.
DictionUP is an Audio GRE Word List.
Well if you have not heard this amazing piece of news. Here it is in the words of ets.org. “Antonyms and analogies have been removed from the test, so there are no questions that test vocabulary out of context.”. Finally after years of lobbying by several test takers, the ETS has removed this dreaded part of the test. NO more vocabulary without context. No more.
The new GRE will concentrate on:
- New Text Completion questions test your ability to interpret, evaluate and reason from what you’ve read. Text Completion questions test this ability by omitting crucial words from short passages, requiring you to fill them in by selecting words or phrases.
- New Sentence Equivalence questions test your ability to reach a conclusion about how a sentence should be completed while focusing on the meaning of the whole sentence.
- There are more Reading Comprehension questions on the test, including new types of questions, such as selecting multiple correct answer choices instead of just one, or highlighting a sentence within a reading passage to answer the question